Golden Hour: 4 Common Questions
By Caleb Rexius
Golden Hour is magical.
Photographers and cinematographers know there’s just something that you can’t replicate in the other 23 hours of the day.
What makes it so special?
How do I capture the magic?
How do I maximize that time?
Well today, let’s talk about everything Golden Hour.
On one of my first video shoots ever, I accidentally planned it around sunset, and I quickly noticed “wow, these shots are looking good!” (reminder: I had no previous training or experience).
I didn’t know what Golden Hour was. I just knew that I liked sunsets.
So I started planning more shoots around sunset time when possible, and really, I almost used it as a crutch. I got the point I wouldn’t even consider shooting at another time. That’s probably taking it too far, but perhaps not totally unreasonable.
So what I want to do today is answer some questions about those shots, how to capture them, and what to look out for.
#1 – Is Golden Hour really a full hour?
I say, no.
For me, the actual golden time is that final half hour.
I’ve found an hour before sunset is still too bright and harsh, but 30 minutes before sunset is when we really see that softer, diffused, warmer, richer color and light come through.
Which puts even more pressure on the shooter, right? Because now it’s actually half the time you’re expecting to have.
Well, it’s not like you can’t get great shots before then, or any time of day really. But just know that it’ll be easier if you wait for those final moments. So with that in mind, I plan for my top shots on my shot list to be during this final 20-30 minute window.
#2 – How do you deal with lens flares from the sun?
I don’t 🙂
I embrace lens flares and use them as transitions or obscurations, and I try to just appreciate the wild flares. And though there is a time to hide them with a lens hood (or your hand, or whatever method you use), I generally don’t.
To me, it makes it almost feel more like real life, like you’re actually there and the sun is in your eyes. It’s just more immersive. That’s the best way I can describe it.
#3 – Why is Golden Hour so beautiful?
There’s a quick answer, and there’s a more scientific one.
The quick answer is that it’s more warm and balanced, because the sun is lower in the sky.
The more scientific one is this: in the middle of the day the lighting is brighter and creates strong highlights and dark shadows (from the sun being higher in the sky). This makes it really easy to overexpose your subjects, and have unflattering shadows and highlights.
At Golden Hour, the time around sunset (or sunrise), the sun is lower on the horizon, so the rays of light have to penetrate the atmosphere for a greater distance. This eliminates the harshness we see earlier in the day. So it’s diffused in a sense, and makes for longer shadows and more of a reddish or orange color profile.
#4 – What is your favorite part about Golden Hour?
All of the above makes it easier to capture beautiful images.
But I think what I like about it most is the diversity of styles of shots I can get.
I can have a subject face toward the sun and have a fully-exposed, balanced portrait shot. Or I can split their face (maybe half and half), and have a more dramatic side-lit profile. Or I can turn them back towards the sun and play with flares, and maybe even silhouette them.
The variety of exposing techniques during golden hour is just really fun to work with.
Any other tips?
Well, where I’m from in Oregon, we have quite a few mosquitoes in the late spring through early fall, and they come out to play around sunset. And those little vampires love sucking my blood, especially when I’m holding a camera, so bring bug spray for you, the shooter, and for your talent.
I’ve had to cut shoots early because of bug problems, and its avoidable with bug spray.
So let’s review:
That’s what makes it magical. Now go out there and try for yourself!
See you next time.
Caleb is the Founder and Lead Cinematographer at Filmpac.